• Diana Reed

Garden Crops that We Feed to our Dairy Goats

Updated: Oct 21

Several Home Garden Greens and Crops are good for both our Human Families as well as our Goats and Livestock Animals. But some are better than others, and some must be Avoided all together because they contain substances that are Toxic and cause Harm.


Fall Garden Harvest Squash Pumpkins Carrots

This article mainly identifies some of the most common garden plants and crops that have been proven safe and beneficial for Goats. By knowing what excess you could safely feed from the garden, you can cut down on the feed bill a bit, as well as fill in some of those missing vitamins and nutrients our local Hay and Feed has been lacking in.


You may even want to do as we do here at Sunshine Farms of Paisley Fl, and plant Extra crops in your garden spaces just for the Goats !

Goats eating garden produce harvest carrots cabbage

How many of us have had leftover Produce and Vegetable Stalks in our hands and have thought, can I give these to the Goats? As goat owners we tend to stay on the side of caution and when in doubt - throw it to the Chickens or the Compost -- BUT - what if --- its been tried and true that it is ok? Imagine all of the extra nutritional treats they could have!


NOTE -- It is NEVER a good idea to change the diet of any livestock animal suddenly - Especially Goats - so many of these plants MUST be introduced into a goats diet a little bit at a time. Goats can be susceptible to sudden changes - so introduce new plants slowly and observe.


This article will be discussing common Home Gardening Plants and Produce that have been tested on Goats and have not shown any adverse reactions when offered in controlled portions. Note: "Controlled Portions" because anything in excess

is harmful to Goats.


Always Cut up edible bite sized portions for Goats

and place them in a Clean receptacle for their consumption.

Strive to Never feed anything from the ground - for their healths sake.


 
GREEN Vegetables

These vegetables are all great sources of nutrition, vitamins and minerals, and are also considered to be beneficial in boosting a goats overall immune system.


goats eating garden vines greens leaves

  • Collards

  • Turnips

  • Cabbage

  • Brussel Sprouts

  • Cauliflower

  • Broccoli

  • Kale - (in a small portion)

  • Spinach



Yes, goats may eat kale but only in limited quantities. Kale is potentially toxic for goats due to the presence of glucosinolates. Overconsumption could damage red blood cells and eventually cause anemia. However, when fed in moderation kale is packed with vitamins and minerals that will benefit goats.

 
Squash, Melons, Cucumbers

These Cucurbitaceae are all great sources of hydration and nutrition and are also considered to be natural intestinal Dewormers. Pumpkins have high levels of vitamin A and E as well as folate and fiber. Although they are mostly water (roughly 85%), they can make a reasonable protein supplement for most all livestock. Pumpkins and Winter Squashes can be cured and stored so that they can be fed to the herd throughout the winter months.

goats eating watermelon chopped
  • Pumpkins and Gourds

  • Squash

  • Zucchini

  • Cucumbers

  • Melons (Watermelon, Sugar Melon, Cantaloupes)


 
goats eating pumpkin gourd harvest garden treat dewormer

Legumes'

Fresh Green Beans (avoid uncooked dried beans) and Peas as well as the plants make nutritious, high-protein treats. These vegetables rank second only to grains as our most important food source.

  • Beans

  • Peas

  • Cowpeas




 
Corn and other Field Crops

Corn is best fed in moderation because although it is high in carbohydrates, it is low in protein and nutritional value. The entire plant is edible, Corn is safe for Goats in small amounts and it does contain a certain amount of Calcium, which, in excess, can contribute to the onset of urinary calculi in bucks. Many field crops can be made into Silage for winter use, as well as dried and stored for winter feeding.

Sunflower seeds, also known as "BOSS" (black oil sunflower seeds) contain Vitamin E, Zinc, Iron, Selenium. Feeding them also adds high Fiber and Fat to your goats diet. They make the goats' coat shinier and also increase the butterfat in the dairy goats milk.


cover crop wheat sorghum field
  • Wheat Crops

  • Soybean or Peanut Crops

  • Corn (and Stalks too!)

  • Elephant Grass

  • Bahai - Clover Cover Crops

  • Sorghum - Vetch

  • Cereal Grain Crops

  • Barley - Alfalfa Crops

 
Roots and Salads

Packing a whopping 28% protein Jerusalem Artichokes are a good source of minerals and electrolytes, especially Potassium, Iron, and Copper. The tops and roots can be fed and are nutritious for them.

Carrots are an excellent source of vitamins and minerals for goats, and also a good source of fiber. Carrots can be fed to goats fresh or cooked, but you want to make sure you feed them small carrots or ones that have been cut into pieces so they are easy for them to chew and swallow. No surprises here. Goats are strictly herbivores, and carrots are one of the best and tastiest veggies around so it makes sense they would enjoy them.


goat eating chopped carrot vegetables feed
  • Carrots

  • Lettuce

  • Parsnips

  • Turnips

  • Beets

  • Chard

  • Celery

  • Artichokes

 


Fruits

Goats tend to love the plants from this family. The sweet juices in fruits definitely satisfy their sweet tooth. Be aware that too much fruit can cause scours. Always remove large pits from fruits that contain them to avoid choking.

goat eating fresh pineapple
  • Apples

  • Bananas

  • Peaches (remove pit)

  • Pears

  • Papaya

  • Kiwi

  • Pomegranates

  • Apricot


goat eating banana fruit
  • Blueberries

  • Strawberries - small portion

  • Watermelon

  • Cantaloupe

  • Sugar Melon

  • Grapes (and raisins)

  • Pineapple

  • Mangos (remove pit)

  • Plums (remove pit)

NO AVACADO - NO CHERRY -

Both are TOXIC


 

Herbs and other

Goats tend to just "Browse" the herbs and choose the leaves and stems that their system needs to balance their bodies. Many of the herbs contain healing properties as well as guards against intestinal worms.


fresh herb garden
  • Parsley

  • Mints